Energetics of Life of the Deep Seafloor
My first lead author paper in Proceedings of the National Academy of Science!
McClain, C.R., A.P. Allen, D.P. Tittensor, and M.A. Rex (2012) The Energetics of Life on the Deep Seafloor.Proceedings of the National Academy of Science, U.S.A. online early
With frigid temperatures and virtually no in situ productivity, the deep oceans, Earth’s largest ecosystem, are especially energy-deprived systems. Our knowledge of the effects of this energy limitation on all levels of biological organization is very incomplete. Here, we use the Metabolic Theory of Ecology to examine the relative roles of carbon ﬂux and temperature in inﬂuencing metabolic rate, growth rate, lifespan, body size, abundance, biomass, and biodiversity for life on the deep seaﬂoor. We show that the relative impacts of thermal and chemical energy change across organizational scales. Results suggest that individual metabolic rates, growth, and turnover proceed as quickly as temperatureinﬂuenced biochemical kinetics allow but that chemical energy limits higher-order community structure and function. Understanding deep-sea energetics is a pressing problem because of accelerating climate change and the general lack of environmental regulatory policy for the deep oceans.
At Deep-Sea News I discuss the paper, “The Great Recession of the Deep Oceans”